PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT ON APPLICATION OF SOLID LUBRICANTS IN MACHINING: AN APPROACH TOWARDS CLEANER PRODUCTION
Author’s Name : S Sonai Karthick
Volume 01 Issue 04 Year 2014 ISSN No: 2349-3860 Page no: 5-8
The traditional machining methods introduce cutting fluid to control the amount of heat generated by providing lubrication. However the application of fluids account for an extensive proportion of the total manufacturing cost. Further an industry is required to comply with regulations that control the use and disposal of lubrication materials that are potentially hazardous or place unacceptable burdens on natural resources and the environment. Some alternative measures are required to overcome the difficulties of cutting fluids. In this context current work aims to use solid lubricants in machining which leads to cleaner production and more cost effective alternative.The performance assessment of solid lubricants mixed with SAE 40 base oil is experimentally carried out by measuring the value of process temperature, tool wear, surface roughness and power consumption. Comparison of the effectiveness of application of solid lubricants with that of conventional cutting fluid and dry machining is presented. Based on the findings from experiments, solid lubricants mixed with oil is a cost-effective and environment friendly lubrication technique than flood cooling in machining.
- F.Klocke, G.Eisennblatter, Drycutting,Annals of CIRP 46 (2), pp. 519– 526, 1997.
- G.Byrne,E.Scholta, Environmentally clean machining processes—a strategic approach, Annals of CIRP 42 (1), pp.471–474, 1993.
- A.Attanasio, M.Gelfi, C.Giardini, C.Remino, Minimal quantity lubrication in turning: effect on tool wear, Wear, 260, pp.333–338, 2006.
- Machado, A.R., Wallbank, J., “The effect of extremely low lubricant volumes in machining,” Wear 210 (1-2), pp.76-82, 1997.
- Rahman, M., Kumar, A.S., Salam, M.U., “Experimental evaluation on the effect of min imal quantities of lubricant in milling,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 42 (5), pp.539-547, 2002.
- Reddy, N. S. K., Rao, P.V., “Experimental investigation to study the effect of solid lubricants on cutting forces and surface quality in end milling,” International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture 46, pp.189–198. 2006.
- Vamsi Krishna P., Srikant R. R., Rao D. N., “Experimental investigation to study the performance of solid lubricants in turning of AISI1040 steel,” IMechE Part J: J. Engineering Tribology 224, pp.1273–1281, 2010.
- Zailani Z.A., Hamidon R., Hussin M.S., Hamzas M.F.M.A, Hadi H., “The Influence of Solid Lubricant in Machining Parameter of Milling Operation,” International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 2011.
- Shaji, S., and Radhakrishnan, V.,“An Investigation on Solid Lubricant Moulded Grinding Wheels,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 43, pp. 965 –972, 2003.
- Obikawa T., Kamata Y., Asano Y., K. Nakayama, Otieno A.W, “Micro – liter lubrication in machining of Inconel 718,” Int. J. Mach. Tools manuf. 48, pp.1605-1612, 2008.
- Rahmati B., Sarhan A.A.D., Sayuti M., “Morphology of surface generated by end milling AL6061-T6 using molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) nano lubrication in end milling machining,” Journal of Cleaner Production. pp.1-7, 2013.
- P. Vamsi Krishna, D. Nageswara Rao, Performance evaluation of solid lubricants in terms of machining parameters in turning, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture 48, pp.1131–1137, 2008.
- Klocke, F., Beck, T., Eisenblatter, G., Lung, D., “Minimal quantity of lubrication (MQL)—motivation, fundamentals, vistas,” 12th International Colloquium, pp.929–942, 2000.
- Barczak, A.D., Batako, L., Morgan, M.N., “A study of plane surface grinding under minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) conditions”, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture 50, pp.977–985,2010.
- Weiner, K., Inasaki, I., Sutherland, J.W., Wakabayashi, T., “Dry machining and minimum quantity lubrication,” CIRP Annals— Manufacturing Technology 53/2, pp.511–537, 2004.
- Hadad, M. and Sadeghi, B. “Minimum quantity lubrication-MQL turning of AISI 4140 steel alloy”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 54, pp.332-343, 2013.
- Khan, M.M.A., Mithu, M.A.H., Dhar, N.R., “Effects of minimum quantity lubrication on turning AISI 9310 alloy steel using vegetable oil- based cutting fluid,” J. Mater. Process. Technol.