IJRME – Volume 3 Issue 4 Paper 5


Author’s Name :  Ameet Hangarge | Chetan Raut

Volume 03 Issue 04  Year 2016  ISSN No:  2349-3860  Page no: 18-23



Transportation accounts for more than 67 percent of the oil that is consumed in the world more than the production. Today India imports more than 54 percent of its oil supply, and it’s estimated that this could increase to 75 percent by 2020.According to the U.S. Federal Highway Administration, the average vehicle  on the road today emits more than 600 pounds of air pollution each year. These pollutants such as carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter contribute to smog and to many health problems. The average vehicle, through its combustion of fossil fuels, also emits greenhouse gases which surround the Earth’s atmosphere like a clear thermal blanket, allowing the sun’s warming rays in and trapping the heat close to the Earth’s surface. This natural greenhouse effect keeps the average surface temperature at around 33˚C. However, the increased use of fossil fuels during the last century has created an enhanced greenhouse effect, known as global warming & transportation has played a large role in this increase. Hence one of the alternative fuels called biodiesel not only burn cleaner, produces lower emission In fact, in June of 2000 biodiesel became the only alternative fuel to complete tiers I & II of the health effects pertaining to the Clean Air Act .If this fuel is used in vehicles transportation the emissions can be reduced and hence less pollution in the environment can be expected and can have good humans health. 


Biodiesel; Nitrogen dioxide; Carbon monoxide; Hydrocarbon


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